Sunday, November 18, 2012

Symptoms in Menstruation

Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea) painful throbbing pain or cramping in the lower abdomen. Many women experience menstrual cramps before or during the menstrual period. For some women, the discomfort is very miserable. For others, it can be severe enough to interfere with the suffering of daily activities for several days each month.

Menstrual cramps are caused by hormones that can be identified, such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids. Treating the underlying cause is the key to reduce the pain. Menstrual cramps are not caused by a number of conditions, because of illness, underlying tends to decrease with age and often disappear after a woman has given birth.

Symptoms of menstrual cramps:

  • Pain, throbbing or cramping in the lower abdomen
  • Pain that spreads to the lower back and thighs
  • Some women also experience
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Sweat
  • Dizziness

When you start entering the month periods in recent years and suffered seizures, menstrual pain is also likely to be a concern. However, if the disturbing menstrual cramps in life for a few days a month or if it gets old and just started experiencing severe menstrual cramps, see your doctor.


During the period, the uterus contracts to help remove the layer. Hormone like substances (prostaglandins) that are involved in pain and inflammation trigger the uterine muscle contractions. Higher levels of prostaglandins associated with abdominal cramps due to menstruation that much.

Many experts believe that hard contraction constricts blood vessels in the uterus. The resulting pain can be compared to the blockage that occurs when the coronary arteries have a shortage on the parts of the heart and oxygen.

Menstrual cramps can also be caused by:


In this painful condition, the tissue that lines the uterine wall of blood vessels in the uterus, most often in the fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining the pelvis.

Uterine fibroids.

This growth was not cancerous uterine wall may be less likely to cause pain.


  • In this condition, the tissue that lines the uterus, begins to grow into the muscular wall of the uterus.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Infections of the female reproductive organs is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.

Cervical Stenosis

In some women, cervical dilation may be so small that obstruct menstrual flow, causing increased pressure in the uterus painful.

Risk Factors dysmenorrhea:

  • Age younger than 20
  • Early puberty (age 11 or younger)
  • Many bleeding during menstruation (menorrhagia)
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding (metrorrhagia)
  • Because she never gave birth
  • Family history of dysmenorrhea
  • Smoke

Menstrual cramps do not occur within the medical complications, but menstruation is often disturbing school activities, work and social.

Diseases and conditions sometimes associated with menstrual cramps may be complications, for example, endometriosis can cause fertility problems, as pelvic inflammatory disease and no scar the cervix, increasing the risk of a fertilized egg implanting in the channel (ectopic pregnancy) rather than in the womb .

Preparing for Inspection:

Although you may initially see a family doctor, he or she may refer you to a gynecologist. Here's some information to that expected of a doctor.

Writing a list comprising:

  • Detailed descriptions of symptoms
  • The date when the last two menstrual periods start
  • Information about medical problems
  • Information on health issues parents or siblings
  • All medicines and food supplements are taken
  • Questions to ask your doctor

Time with your doctor is limited, so preparing a list of questions ahead of time will help make the most of the time not in vain. List your questions from most important to least important, before time runs out. For menstrual cramps, some basic questions to ask your doctor symptom information:
  • What is causing my symptoms?
  • Are there other causes for my symptoms?
  • How do I compare symptoms with other menstruating girls?
  • Are my symptoms will change from time to time?
  • Do I need to do other tests?
  • Is there a treatment or treatment at home can help?
  • Is there a website you recommend?
  • In addition to the questions that have been prepared to ask your doctor, do not hesitate to ask about problems and symptoms.

What to expect from your doctor

The doctor asked a number of questions. And be prepared to answer, what I want to know. Doctors allow more time for all the additional questions that have been prepared.
  • At what age begin menstruating?
  • Long menstrual period and how long does it usually take?
  • How much, menstrual bleeding?
  • Did you ever experience bleeding between periods?
  • How do you explain this phenomenon?
  • Where the cramps?
  • Are there any other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, back pain, or headaches?
  • What are the symptoms usually occur along with menstruation?
  • Are there symptoms between periods?
  • Do you limit the activity causing the symptoms, such as staying home from work or school or avoid exercise?
  • If you are sexually active, do experience pain with intercourse?
  • Are having difficulty or pain with bowel movements?
  • What treatments have been tried so far, if any? Does anyone help?
  • What drugs, vitamins and supplements that you are using?
  • Has been diagnosed with any other medical conditions?
  • Do any of the women in the family have a history of similar symptoms?
  • What can you do in the meantime

In a time before the appointment, you may find relief by taking a warm bath or applying a heating pad or hot water bottle to the stomach. Painkillers, such as ibuprofen, can also relieve.

Alternative treatment for menstrual cramps:


Studies have found that physical activity can relieve menstrual cramps pain.


Acupuncture has been used in China for pain relief for more than 2,000 years. Several studies have found that acupuncture is effective in reducing menstrual cramps.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

TENS devices raises the threshold for pain signals and stimulate the release of endorphins, natural painkillers body. In the study, TENS has been found to be more effective than placebo in reducing pain associated with menstrual cramps.

Dietary supplements

Numerous studies have shown that vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B-6 and magnesium supplements can effectively reduce menstrual cramps.

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